• plus FAQs
    • Repair Service
      How much does it cost to repair my watch?
      The cost varies depending on the individual watch issue. It starts from SGD70. Bring your watch to our service centre for inspection and we will get back to you with the quotation.
      For details for Malaysia and Indonesia, please email support@redarmywatches.com.

      How long does it take to repair my watch?
      In most cases, you will get back your watch within 4 weeks. It will take longer if we need to wait for the spare parts or when there is a specific technical support we require from the brand.

      What is your service centre operating hour?
      We are open Monday-Friday, 10:30-19:30.
      For details for Malaysia and Indonesia, please email support@redarmywatches.com.

      Where is your service centre?
      We are located at 82 Lorong 23 Geylang, #06-06, ATRIX, Singapore 388409.
      For details for Malaysia and Indonesia, please email support@redarmywatches.com.

      Can I bring the watch to your outlet?
      No, the outlets are not authorised to take in any watches for repair. These are the main reason why you should bring your watch to our service centre:
      1. You will get direct feedback if you have technical questions.
      2. Our technician is able to test the watch on the spot on the claims such as accuracy.
      3. The turnaround time is made shorter with watches go direct to the service centre.
      4. It is safer as there are fewer hands/points handling your watch.

      For details for Malaysia and Indonesia, please email support@redarmywatches.com.


      Red Army Watches

      Where are your physical shops?
      Please visit Contact Us.

      Are you the official dealer for the brands that you carry?
      Yes, we are. You can see listing of our shops in the official brands main website.

      Payment and Shipping
      How do I place an order?
      Red Army Watches online shopping is easy:
      • You can go direct to the main links for the products: New Arrivals, Brands, Type, Style, Size, or Accessories.
      • Once you have found the item, please click on 'Add to Bag'. You can also add the item to your wishlist by clicking on 'Add to Wish List'.
      • Review the items in your shopping bag by selecting the 'Shopping Bag' link at the top of the page. You can continue shopping after reviewing the bag, or use the 'Remove from Bag' link to delete items from your shopping bag.
      • Click on 'Proceed to Purchase' to complete your order. 

      What courier service do you use?
      We use FEDEX on an exclusive basis for overseas shipments. If this is not possible, we will let you know the options before proceeding with the shipping. It takes between 2-7 days depending on the country.

      What is your shipping cost?
      We provide FREE Shipping on ALL purchases for watches or watches combined with other non-watch items.

      Do you have warranty for the goods sold?
      Please refer to our warranty section. For overseas customers who require assistance with the repair service, please email support@redarmywatches.com for the further instructions.

      Do you have insurance on the shipment?
      Yes, all the shipments are covered by insurance.

      Can I track my shipment?
      Yes, you can do it here for Fedex shipment.

      Do you have any return and exchange policy?
      Please refer to the Returns and Exchange Policy information.

      What currency do you use in your site?
      We have multiple currency options. Most of the time it will be adjusted to the correct currency based on the IP address of the visitor. The default currency is SGD.

      What are the payment methods?
      We accept major credit cards via Paypal and Bank Transfer. We also accept Cash on Delivery and Cheque for local Singapore-based customers only. For other payment methods, please email info@redarmywatches.com.

  • plus Payment and Shipping Information
    • Payment methods
      We accept major credit cards via Paypal and Bank Transfer. We also accept Cash on Delivery and Cheque for local Singapore-based customers only. For other payment methods, please email info@redarmywatches.com.

      Credit card information
      Our online shop has the option to safely store your credit card details to streamline your buying process with us. Your full card details will never be displayed, except for the last four digits so that you know which of your cards you are using. You can delete your card details by unchecking the box "remember my payment details" on the payment page.

      Security
      We use Secure Socket Layer (SSL) technology to make sure that your shopping experience is safe and secure. The technology encrypts and protects the data you send to us over the internet. If SSL is enabled then you will see a padlock at the top of your browser and you can click on this to find out information about the SSL digital certificate registration. If you see the website begin with 'https:' instead of the normal 'http:' this means that you are in secure mode.

      International delivery times and cost
      It takes between 2-7 days depending on the country. You can click here to track your Fedex shipment.

      Things to note
      1. Please make sure that the shipping address is correct as we are unable to redirect orders once they are on their way to you
      2. Before we can dispatch your purchases, we may need to confirm your details with your card issuer. We will do our best to keep delays to a minimum
      3. Our delivery time starts from the moment an order is accepted and includes a 24 hour period where your items will be processed and dispatched by our warehouse. Please note this can take longer during our sale periods when it may take up to 72 hours for shipments to be dispatched
      4. We work closely with our shipping partner to minimize the potential impact of custom delays on our international customers

      Free Shipping
      We provide FREE Shipping on ALL purchases for watches or watches combined with other non-watch items.

      Insurance
      We insure each purchase during the time it is in transit until it is delivered to you. We require a signature for any goods delivered, at which point responsibility for your purchased goods passes to you. If you are not the receiver of your purchase (for example a gift order) then the person who signs for the package confirms receipt and is accountable for the package.

      Taxes and Duties
      As the recipient, you are liable for all import duties, customs and local sales taxes levied by the country we are shipping to; payment of these is necessary to release your order from customs on arrival. For Singapore-based customers, the GST will be added onto your total purchase as prices shown are exlusive of the GST.

  • plus After Sales Service
    • Warranty 
      We are confident of the quality of the merchandise that we carry. That said, in spite of countless tests and certifications, nothing is entirely immune to errors. All products sold here are covered under a warranty period of between 1 to 2 years. The warranty begins from the date of purchase and covers any manufacturing or material defects.
      The warranty does not cover the following parts and conditions:
      • Watch case
      • Crystal/glass
      • Crown/stem
      • Finishes
      • Watch straps/bracelets
      • Damage caused by mistreatment/improper handling, normal wear and tear
      • Unauthorised service

      Please visit our Service Centre or send email to support@redarmywatches.com if you need assistance in after-sales service.

      Service Centre
      For assistance in after-sales service in Singapore, please visit our service centre at:
      82 Lorong 23 Geylang #06-06
      ATRIX
      Singapore 388409
      T. (65) 6532 7780

      Operating hours:
      Mondays-Fridays - 10:30 to 19:30.
      We are closed on weekends and public holidays.

      Watch Care
      • Clean your watch regularly by using a dry and soft cloth. Please enquire within for recommendation.
      • Do not wear your mechanical watch for activities that involve vigorous movements (including golf) as this might affect the watch accuracy.
      • If your watch is a mechanical (automatic or manual winding), expect some variance in the accuracy. +/- 10 to 20 seconds per day is within acceptable range for most mechanical watches.
      • Avoid contact with perfume, spirits, or petroleum products as it will tarnish the casing and bracelet.
      • Ensure the crown is screwed in and your watch has at least 10ATM water resistance before using it to swim/dive.
      • Avoid subjecting the watch to sudden change in temperature which can cause condensation.
      • If your watch is a quartz, replace the battery immediately after it runs out of power to avoid leakage that can damage the movement.
      • Ensure the watch is fully-wound before using the chronograph function (applicable for mechanical watches).
      • Always stop a chronograph first before resetting it and only use the chronograph as and when you need it not leaving it switched on all the time.
      • Keep the watch at a cool and dry place and far from any devices with high level of magnetic field including TV, PC, speakers, laptops, and fridge.

  • plus Return And Exchange Policy
    •  If goods are unworn, straps un-punched, or modified, and you have proof of purchase, we will allow exchange within 14 days from the day we ship out the goods. The exchange item must be of the same value, if not higher. We are also fully committed to take care of the after-sales service subject to the terms and conditions stipulated in the warranty card. If there is a proof that the goods were received after 14 days from the day of shipment then we will extend that exchange right to another 7 days from the day of receipt. For the exchange, the second shipping to you is no longer free-of-charge. Please email support@redarmywatches.com should you require an exchange and we will let you know the next steps. 

      Goods are classified as faulty if they are received damaged or not working. Please note that items that are damaged as a result of wear and tear or improper usage are not considered to be faulty. We are able to tell signs of improper usage from the overall condition of the watch and by testing it on the machine.
      We will offer to repair faulty items but if you would like to exchange your item, please be aware that we can only replace it for the same product, subject to availability. You will receive a full refund if the item cannot be repaired or replaced.

      For all faulty items outside of our Returns Policy, please contact support@redarmywatches.com.

  • plus Terms and conditions
    • Red Army Watches' site and related services are provided to you in accordance with the following Terms of Use & Service and any other rules posted on our Site (as a whole the "ToS"). Please read the ToS carefully before placing any orders on www.redarmywatches.com. It is advisable that you keep a copy of the ToS for future reference.
      Red Army Watches is a trading name of Red Army Watches Pte Ltd, a company registered in Singapore under registration number 200411739E. Our registered address is 82 Lorong 23 Geylang #06-06, ATRIX, Singapore 388409. Our GST number is 200411739E. If you have any comments about Red Army Watches, you can email us at info@redarmywatches.com.
      The ToS is subject for revision from time to time. Please update yourself frequently with the latest ToS. If you disagree to any changes to the ToS, you must cease using the Site immediately. Any changes made after you have placed an order will not affect that order unless we are required to make the change by law.


      REGISTRATION REQUIREMENT
      Registration is required for some of the services or features available on this Site. We require current, valid, and true information about yourself in all respects. If you change your information, you must write to us with the new information immediately to info@redarmywatches.com. The account password you provide should be unique and kept secure, and you must notify RED ARMY WATCHES immediately of any breach of security or unauthorised use of your account.

      ELIGIBILITY TO PURCHASE
      For you to do transaction on the Site, you need to provide us with your particulars including real name, contact number, e-mail address and other information as indicated. You will also be requested to provide payment details that are both valid and correct and you confirm that you are the person referred to in the Billing information provided.
      RED ARMY WATCHES only deasl with individual who meet our terms of eligibility and those who have been issued a valid credit card by a bank acceptable to RED ARMY WATCHES. RED ARMY WATCHES reserves the right to restrict multiple quantities of an item being shipped to any one customer or postal address.
      When you purchase from us, you expressly authorise us to perform credit checks and where RED ARMY WATCHES feels necessary, to transmit or to obtain information (including any updated information) about you to or from third parties, including but not limited to your credit/debit card number or credit reports (including credit reports for your spouse if you reside in a community property jurisdiction), to authenticate your identity, to validate your credit/debit card, to obtain an initial credit/debit card authorisation and to authorise individual purchase transactions.
      In addition, you agree that we may use Personal information provided by you in order to conduct appropriate anti-fraud checks. Personal Information that you provide may be disclosed to a credit reference or fraud prevention agency, which may keep a record of that information.

      PRE-ORDERS
      Every single order is subject to availability and other conditions. Items in your shopping basket/cart are not reserved exclusively to you and may be purchased by other customers.
      In general, we offer products for sale that are in stock and available from our warehouse. In some cases however, there could be cases of us offering a new product which is not in stock yet but available for pre-order. The customers who have placed pre-order with us will be given the priority once the stock has been delivered to RED ARMY WATCHES. Alternatively, you may simply choose to register your interest in the product by emailing us at info@redarmywatches.com and we will notify you on the arrival of the stock.
      Any pre-order will be cancelled and the deposit will be forfeited if the goods are not collected within 60 days after the first attempt to notify the customer on the arrival of the goods. Deposit amount can be converted into credit note within 60 days after the arrival of the goods or prior to the arrival, subject to approval by the management.

      PRICING POLICY
      All prices listed are in SGD as default price and are exclusive of the local Singapore GST which will be added for Singapore-based orders. Most of the time it will be adjusted to the correct currency based on the IP address of the visitor.
      All prices and offers remain valid as advertised from time to time. The SGD price of a product displayed on the Site at the time the order is accepted will be honoured.
      The prices are subject to change if the applicable currency exchange rate changes before your order is accepted or the items are subject to markdowns at any time during the selling period.
      As the recipient, you are liable for all import duties, customs and local sales taxes levied by the country we are shipping to; payment of these is necessary to release your order from customs on arrival.
      If your credit card is not issued in Singapore and not denominated in SGD, the final price will be calculated in accordance with the applicable exchange rate on the day your card issuer processes the transaction.

      T&C OF YOUR ORDER ACCEPTANCE
      Once an order has been placed, we will email you an order confirmation. This is only to acknowledge that we have received the order but it does not mean an acceptance of your order.
      The acceptance of your order and completion of the contract between you and RED ARMY WATCHES will be completed when we email you to confirm the goods have been shipped out. The sale contract is therefore concluded in Singapore and the language of the contract is English.
      We reserve the right not to accept your order in the event, for example, that we are unable to obtain authorisation for payment, that shipping restrictions apply to a particular item, that the item ordered is out of stock or does not satisfy our quality control standards and is withdrawn, or that you do not meet the eligibility criteria set out within the ToS.
      We also reserve the right to refuse to process and (or) accept a transaction for any reason or refuse service to anyone at any time at our sole discretion. We will not be liable to you or any third party by reason of our withdrawing any merchandise from the Site whether or not that merchandise has been sold, removing, screening or editing any materials or content on the Site, refusing to process a transaction or unwinding or suspending any transaction after processing has begun.

      PAYMENT
      We accept major credit cards via PayPal. For other payment methods, please email info@redarmywatches.com.
      You confirm that the credit card that is being used is yours or that you have been specifically authorised by the owner of the credit card to use it. All credit card holders are subject to validation checks and authorisation by the card issuer. If the issuer of your payment card refuses to authorise payment to RED ARMY WATCHES, we will not be liable for any delay or non-delivery.
      We take reasonable care to make our Site secure. All credit card transactions on this site are processed using PayPal, a secure online payment gateway that encrypts your card details in a secure host environment. We also use Secure Socket Layer (SSL) technology. Furthermore, we take reasonable care, in so far as it is in our power to do so, to keep the details of your order and payment secure, but in the absence of negligence on our part we cannot be held liable for any loss you may suffer if a third party procures unauthorised access to any data you provide when accessing or ordering from the Site.

      INSURANCE AND DISPATCH
      RED ARMY WATCHES insures each purchase during the time it is in transit until it is delivered to your specified delivery address. We require a signature for any goods delivered, at which point responsibility for your purchased goods passes to you. If you have specified a recipient who is not you for delivery purposes (for example as a gift) then you accept that evidence of a signature by them (or at that delivery address) is evidence of delivery and fulfilment by RED ARMY WATCHES, and transfer of responsibility in the same way.
      Please note that we aim to dispatch all orders within 24 hours, or 48 hours during sale periods. Estimated delivery times are to be used as a guide only and commence from the date of dispatch. RED ARMY WATCHES is not responsible for any delays caused by destination customs clearance processes.

      RETURNS AND EXCHANGE POLICY
      If goods are unworn, straps un-punched, or modified, and you have proof of purchase, we will allow exchange within 14 days. The exchange item must be of the same value, if not higher. We are also fully committed to take care of the after-sales service subject to the terms and conditions stipulated in the warranty card. For the exchange, the second shipping to you is no longer free-of-charge. Please email support@redarmywatches.com should you require an exchange and we will let you know the next steps.
      Goods are classified as faulty if they are received damaged or not working. Please note that items that are damaged as a result of wear and tear or improper usage are not considered to be faulty. We are able to tell signs of improper usage from the overall condition of the watch and by testing it on the machine.
      We will offer to repair faulty items but if you would like to exchange your item, please be aware that we can only replace it for the same product, subject to availability. You will receive a full refund if the item cannot be repaired or replaced.
      We have made every effort to display as accurately as possible the colours of our products that appear on RED ARMY WATCHES. However, as computer monitors vary, we cannot guarantee that your monitor's display of any colour will be completely accurate.
      For all faulty items outside of our Returns Policy, please contact support@redarmywatches.com.

      INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
      You have no rights to any copyright, designs, trademarks and all other intellectual property and material rights relating to the Content of the Site including third party trademarks, designs, and related intellectual property rights mentioned or displayed on this Site as they are protected by national intellectual property and other laws and international treaty provisions. You are permitted to use the Content only as expressly authorised by RED ARMY WATCHES and/or its third party licensors. Any breaches of this agreement may result in civil and criminal penalties. Without limiting the foregoing, copying and use of the above listed materials to any other server, location or support for publication, reproduction or distribution is expressly prohibited.

      CONTENT
      In addition to the Intellectual property rights mentioned above, "Content" is defined as any graphics, photographs, including all image rights, sounds, music, video, audio or text on this Site. RED ARMY WATCHES tries to ensure that the information on this site is accurate and complete. RED ARMY WATCHES does not promise that RED ARMY WATCHES's Content is accurate or error-free. RED ARMY WATCHES does not promise that the functional aspects of the Site or RED ARMY WATCHES's Content will be error free or that this Site, RED ARMY WATCHES Content or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or other harmful components. We always recommend that all users of the Internet ensure they have up to date virus checking software installed.
      The personal opinions of the principal whose products we sell, or any third parties with whom we are associated are their own and do not necessarily reflect the views of RED ARMY WATCHES and we accept no responsibility for any such views expressed in any media.

      PROHIBITION ON COMMERCIAL USE
      You agree that you use this Site for your personal non-commercial use only. You shall not modify, transmit, commercially exploit, display, perform, copy, reproduce, distribute, publish, license, create derivative works from, transfer, or sell any Content, software, products, or services contained within this Site. You cannot use this Site, or any of its Content for any commercial purpose, including any advertising or advertising revenue generation activity on your own Site.

      YOUR RESPONSIBILITY
      You agree that you will be personally responsible for your use of this Site and for all of your communication and activity on and pursuant to this Site. If we determine that you are or have been engaged in prohibited activities, were not respectful of other users, or otherwise violated the ToS, we may deny you access to this Site on a temporary or permanent basis.
      You also acknowledge and agree that no joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you and RED ARMY WATCHES as a result of the TOS or your use of this Site. You agree that you may not and will not hold yourself out as a representative, agent, or employee of RED ARMY WATCHES, and we shall not be liable for any representation, act, or omission on your part.

      THIRD PARTY SITES
      There could be links on this Site to other websites or resources run and managed by parties non-related to RED ARMY WATCHES. We have not reviewed all of the links and shall not be held responsible for the content or accuracy of any off-site pages nor are we responsible for the availability of such external websites or resources, and do not endorse and are not responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for the privacy practices or the content of such websites, including (without limitation) any advertising, products or other materials or services on or available from such websites or resources, nor for any damage, loss or offence caused or alleged to be caused by, or in connection with, the use of or reliance on any such content, goods or services available on such external websites or resources.

      YOUR RIGHTS
      You have certain rights under the law. In Singapore these include:
      1. That any products you order through this Site will be of satisfactory quality, fit for their intended purpose, and will conform to any description given on this Site;
      2. Certain remedies if a product is defective; and
      3. If goods are unworn, straps un-punched, or modified, and you have proof of purchase, we will allow exchange within 14 days from the day we ship out the goods. If there is a proof that the goods were received after 14 days from the day of shipment then we will extend that exchange right to another 7 days from the day of receipt.

      LIMITS ON OUR LIABILITY
      We are not responsible for losses not caused by our breach or negligence, indirect losses which are a side effect of the main loss or damage and which are not reasonably foreseeable by you and us (for example, loss of profits or loss of opportunity).
      We are also not responsible for failure to meet any of our obligations under the ToS where such failure is due to events beyond our reasonable control.

      COMPENSATION
      We can demand and request that you agree to compensate us fully, defend us, and hold us RED ARMY WATCHES harmless immediately on demand, its officers, directors, agents, affiliates, licensors, and suppliers, from and against all liabilities, claims, expenses, damages and losses, including legal fees, arising from any breach of the ToS by you, including the use by any other persons accessing this Site using your Internet account caused by your action or inaction.

      NO WAIVER
      If you breach the TOS and we take no action against you, we will still be entitled to use our rights and remedies in any other situation where you breach the ToS.

      GOVERNING LAW
      The ToS together with all our policies and procedures will be governed by and construed in accordance to the relevant Singapore law and the relevant courts of Singapore will have exclusive jurisdiction.

  • plus Glossary
    • 12-hour (24-hour) recorder (or register): A sub-dial on a chronograph (see chronograph) that can time periods of up to 12 or 24 hours.

      30-minute recorder (or register): A sub-dial on a chronograph (see "chronograph") that can time periods of up to 30 minutes.

      alarm: The watch alerts you with beeps at a pre-set time.

      analog - digital display: A watch that shows the time by means of hour and minute hands (analog display) as well as by numbers (a digital display).

      analog: A watch that shows the time using hour and minute hands.

      anti-magnetic: The movement of a mechanical watch can be thrown off balance if it comes in contact with a strong magnetic field; Magnetism is common in loudspeakers, televisions, refrigerators, cars, etc. etc. and these days most watches claim to be anti-magnetic. This is achieved by using alloys for certain parts, among them the balance wheel and escape wheel. Electronic watches are not susceptible to magnetism.

      automatic winding: (or self-winding) This term refers to a watch with a mechanical movement (as opposed to a quartz or electrical movement). The watch is wound by the motion of the wearer's arm rather than through turning the winding stem. A rotor that turns in response to motion winds the watch's mainspring. If an automatic watch is not worn for a day or two, it will wind down and need to be wound by hand to get it started again.

      balance: This is essentially and oscillator which regulates the speed of the movement of a mechanical watch.

      bezel: The ring which surrounds the watch dial (or face). The bezel is usually made of gold, gold plate or stainless steel.

      bi-directional rotating bezel: A bezel that can be rotated either clockwise or counterclockwise. These are used for mathematical calculations such as average speed or distance (see "slide rule") or for keeping track of elapsed time(see "elapsed time rotating bezel").

      built-in illumination: Lighting on a watch dial that allows the wearer to read the time in the dark. Check out Seiko's Lumi-brite technology.

      calendar: A feature that shows the date, and often the day of the week. There are several types of calendar watches. Most calendar watches show the information digitally through an aperture on the watch face. Some chronograph watches shoe the information on sub-dials on the watch face.

      cases: The case of a watch must not only protect the mechanism and hold all the parts together but it must also look good -sometimes to the extent of making a timepiece into a piece of jewellery. A watch case is generally in 3 parts -the bezel, which holds the crystal, -the band or centrepart, which contains the movement, -and the back, either snapped or screwed on, in to which, sometimes, is fitted a crystal so that an intricate mechanical movement watch.

      case materials: Materials range from inexpensive cast metal through moulded plastic to solid chunks of steel or gold from which the case is machined. In Great Britain, gold cases are usually 18k, but less expensive watches are 9k. In most other countries, 14k is preferred. Caratage indicates the gold content of metal, stated as the number of parts of gold in every 24 parts, i.e. 18k gold is 18 parts of gold alloyed with six parts of metal. Platinum is becoming increasingly popular, as is titanium for its lightness. Ceramic cases and bracelets -a scratch resistant space age material formed under great pressure and heat from powder -are used by some manufacturers. It does not bear any resemblance to the ceramics used in pottery. Some watches in the middle price ranges are gold plated over brass -9k or 18k plating usually. Vermeil is the term used to describe silver which has been gold plated.

      centre seconds: Seconds indicated by a hand at the centre of the dial, along with the hour and minute hands. Also called “sweeping seconds”.

      chapter ring: The ring on the watch dial bearing figures and minute marks. The hour figures are sometimes called chapters.

      chronograph: A watch that includes a built in stopwatch function - i.e., a timer that can be started and stopped to time an event. There are many variations on the chronograph. Some operate with a center seconds hand which keeps time on the watch's main dial. Others use sub-dials to time elapsed hours, minutes and seconds. Still others show elapsed time on a digital display on the watch face. Some chronographs can be used as a lap timer (see "flyback hand" and "split seconds hand"). The accuracy of the stopwatch function will commonly vary from 1/5th second to 1/100th second depending on the chronograph. Some chronographs will measure elapsed time up to 24 hours. Watches that include the chronograph function are themselves called "chronographs." When a chronograph is used in conjunction with specialized scales on the watch face it can perform many different functions, such as determining speed or distance (see "tachymeter" and "telemeter") Do not confuse the term "chronograph" with "chronometer." The latter refers to a timepiece, which may or may not have a chronograph function, that has met certain high standards of accuracy set by an official watch institute in Switzerland.

      chronometer: Technically speaking, all watches are chronometers. But for a Swiss made watch to be called a chronometer, it must meet certain very high standards set by the Swiss Official Chronometer Control (C.O.S.C.). If you have a Swiss watch labeled as a chronometer, you can be certain that it has a mechanical movement of the very highest quality.

      complications: One or more features added to a watch in addition to its usual time-telling functions, which normally not only include the hours, minutes and seconds but also date and often the day of the week as well. Complications such as; perpetual calendars, moonphase displays, alarms, repeating mechanisms, quarter strikes as well as stop/start chronograph functions. Power reserve indicators are also usually regarded as 'complications'

      cosmograph: The cosmograph differs to the chronograph in that the tachymeter is on the bezel rather than on the outer rim of the dial. This was invented by Rolex to create a more modern look to the watch.

      countdown timer: A function that lets the wearer keep track of how much of a pre-set period of time has elapsed. Some countdown timers sound a warning signal a few seconds before the time runs out. These are useful in events such as yacht races, where the sailor must maneuver the boat into position before the start of a race.

      crown: Also called a stem or pin, a crown is the button on the outside of the watch case that is used to set the time and date. In a mechanical watch the crown also winds the mainspring. In this case it is also called a "winding stem". A screw in (or screw down) crown is used to make a watch more water resistant. The crown actually screws into the case, dramatically increasing the water-tightness of the watch.

      crystal: The transparent cover on a watch face made of glass crystal, synthetic sapphire or plastic. Better watches often have a sapphire crystal which is highly resistant to scratching or shattering.

      depth sensor/depth meter: A device on a divers' watch that determines the wearer's depth by measuring water pressure. It shows the depth either by analog hands and a scale on the watch face or through a digital display.

      dial: The watch face.

      digital watch: A watch that shows the time through digits rather than through a dial and hands (analog) display.

      elapsed time rotating bezel: A graduated rotating bezel (see rotating bezel") used to keep track of elapsed time. The bezel can be turned so the wearer can align the zero on the bezel with the watch's seconds or minutes hand. After a period of time passes, you can read the elapsed time off the bezel. This saves you having to perform the subtraction that would be necessary if you used the watch's regular dial.

      electronic (quartz) watch: A watch, usually battery-powered, which uses an electric current to cause a quartz oscillator to vibrate, normally 32,768 Hz per second but sometimes at much higher frequencies. These vibrations are processed by an integrated circuit which transforms the current into impulses. These are fed into a stepping motor which drives a train of gears to move the hands. Some quartz watches have solar cells which take light from any soul, natural or artificial, and transform them into electrical energy. Another form is the Seiko Kinetic (See Kinetic).

      escapement: Device in a mechanical movement that controls the rotation of the wheels and thus the motion of the hands.

      flyback hand: A seconds hand on a chronograph that can be used to time laps or to determine finishing times for several competitors in a race. Start the chronograph, putting both the flyback hand and the regular chronograph seconds hand in motion. To record a lap time or finishing time, stop the flyback hand. After recording the time, push a button and the hand will "fly back" to catch up with the constantly moving elapsed-time hand. Repeat the process to record as many lap times or finishing times as needed.

      gear train: The system of gears which transmits power from the mainspring to the escapement.

      gold plated: A layer of gold electroplated to a base metal.

      grande complications: The most complex of mechanical watches featuring an abundance of complications. The term is normally restricted to mechanical watches. Quartz watches with additional features are usually described as 'multi-functional'.

      integrated bracelet: A watch bracelet that is incorporated into the design of the case.

      jewels: Synthetic sapphires or rubies that act as bearings for gears in a mechanical watch. The jewels reduce friction to make the watch more accurate and longer lasting.

      jumping hours: A digital display where the time in hours is shown in the dial as a number, usually visible through an aperture. The number changes, or jumps, precisely on every hour.

      Kinetic: Refers to the Seiko line of Kinetic watches. This innovative technology has a quartz movement that does not use a battery. Movement of your wrist charges a very efficient capacitor which powers the quartz movement. Once the capacitor is fully charged, mens models will store energy for 724 days without being worn. Ladies models store energy for 3-7 days. Of course, if the watch is worn every day the capacitor is continually recharged. The watch alerts you to a low capacitor charge when the seconds hand starts to move in two second intervals. For more information, click to go to Seiko's Internet Site.

      lap timer: A chronograph function that lets the wearer time segments of a race. At the end of a lap, he stops the timer, which then returns to zero to begin timing the next lap.

      liquid-crystal display (LCD): A digital watch display that shows the time electronically by means of a liquid held in a thin layer between two transparent plates. All LCD watches have quartz movements.

      lugs: Projections on a watch face to which the watch band or bracelet is attached

      luminescence: Luminous dials first appeared during the Great War when soldiers needed to tell the time in the dark. Early forms used Zinc Sulphide compound agitated by a radioactive salt. It was painted on hands and was potentially dangerous to those applying it. Its use was banned in the 50's, since Tritium, a substance with a low radio activity, replaced it. Other methods have been devised. Timex's 'Indiglo' uses electronic luminescence; a button on the side of the case causes a tiny current from the battery to the electrodes and gives off energy in the form of light. Seiko uses fluorescent material on the dial, activated by any exposure to light.

      measurement conversion: A feature, usually consisting of a graduated scale on the watch's bezel, that lets the wearer translate one type of measurement into another-miles into kilometers, for instance, or pounds into kilograms

      mechanical movement: A movement powered by a mainspring, working in conjunction with a balance wheel. Most watches today have electronically controlled quartz movements and are powered by a battery. However, mechanical watches are currently enjoying a resurgence in popularity.

      minute repeater: A watch which can additionally tell the time, at the push of a button or move of a small slide on the side of the case, by striking the hours, quarter hours and minutes since the last quarter hour on small goings inside the watch. Such complex watches are never inexpensive.

      moonphase display: A graphic display by means of a specially shaped aperture in the dial to indicate the phase of the moon, i.e. full, new or somewhere in between. Very popular in the 90's but losing favour in the second half of the century.

      movement: The inner mechanism of a watch that keeps time and moves the watch's hands, calendar, etc. Movements are either mechanical or quartz.

      power reserve indicator: A feature that shows when the watch will soon need a new battery or winding. A battery reserve indicator on a quartz watch informs the wearer when the battery is low. Often this is indicated by the seconds hand moving at two or three-second intervals. Seiko's Kinetic watches are quartz watches that do not have a battery (see Kinetic). When a Seiko Kinetic needs to be wound, the seconds hand will also move in two second intervals.

      pushers or push pieces: Push buttons are on the case of the chronographs and some complicated watches. Most are used to stop and start a stopwatch but sometimes serve other functions.

      PVD -physical vapour deposition: A coating of titanium nitrate applied in a vacuum and then covered by a coating of 22k gold to obtain a gold coloured finish.

      quartz movement: A movement powered by a quartz crystal to. Quartz crystals are very accurate. They can be mass produced which makes them less expensive than most mechanical movements which require a higher degree craftsmanship.

      rotating bezel: A bezel (the ring surrounding the watch face) that can be turned. Different types of rotating bezels perform different timekeeping and mathematical functions (see elapsed time rotating bezel," "unidirectional rotating bezel," "bi-directional rotating bezel" and "slide rule.")

      rotor: The part of an automatic (or self-winding) mechanical watch that winds the movement's mainspring. It is a flat piece of metal, usually shaped like a semicircle, that swivels on a pivot with the motion of the wearer's arm.

      sapphire crystal: A crystal made of synthetic sapphire, a transparent, shatter-resistant, scratch-resistant substance.

      screw-lock crown: A crown that can be screwed into the case to make the watch watertight.

      second time-zone indicator: An additional dial that can be set to the time in another time zone. It lets the wearer keep track of local time and the time in another country simultaneously.

      shock resistance: As defined by U.S. government regulation, a watch's ability to withstand an impact equal to that of being dropped onto a wood floor from a height of 3 feet.

      skeleton watch: A watch with no dial and only a chapter ring. As much metal is removed as possible and all the remaining parts are decorated with elaborate engravings.

      sliderule: A device, consisting of logarithmic or other scales on the outer edge of the watch face, that can be used to do mathematical calculations. One of the scales is marked on a rotating bezel, which can be slid against the stationary scale to make the calculations. Some watches have slide rules that allow specific calculations, such as for fuel consumption by an airplane or fuel weight.

      solar powered: A watch that uses solar energy (from any light source) to power the quartz movement. The Citizen >Solar-Tech< models use this technology and provide a 180 day power reserve, so they are able to run continuously. For more information, click here to go to Citizens Internet Site.

      spring bars (or pins) : Spring-loaded bars between the lugs on the case, used to attach a strap or metal bracelet to the case.

      stepping motor: The part of a quartz movement that moves the gear train, which in turn moves the watch's hands.

      stopwatch: A watch with a seconds hand that measures intervals of time. When a stopwatch is incorporated into a standard watch, both the stopwatch function and the timepiece are referred to as a chronograph.

      sub-dial: A small dial on a watch face used for any of several purposes, such as keeping track of elapsed minutes or hours on a chronograph or indicating the date.

      swiss made: As a part of a move towards greater consumer protection and in order to combat fakes in the Far East that claim to be swiss made, the Swiss federal council in 1993 laid down the rule that a watch has to satisfy before it could be described as swiss made. The movement must be of Swiss origin, and must contain at least 50% swiss parts. The watch must be cased in Switzerland and pass its final inspection in that country.

      tachymeter: ("tack IM eh ter") A feature found on some chronograph watches, a tachymeter (also called a "tachometer") measures the speed at which the wearer has traveled over a measured distance.

      telemeter: ("tel EH meh ter"): A telemeter determines the distance of an object from the observer by measuring how long it takes sound to travel that distance. Like a tachymeter (see "tachymeter"), it consists of a stopwatch, or chronograph, and a special scale, usually on the outermost edge of the watch face.

      titanium: A metal that is used for some watch cases and bracelets. Titanium is much stronger and lighter than stainless steel. Titanium is also hypo-allergenic.

      tonneau watch: A watch shaped like a barrel, with two convex sides.

      tourbillon: A device, invented by Breguet in 1801, in which the escapement is mounted in a small revolving cage as a means of overcoming the effects of gravity on the precision on a mechanical timepiece.

      uni-directional rotating bezel: An elapsed time rotating bezel (see "elapsed time rotating bezel"), often found on divers' watches, that moves only in a counterclockwise direction. It is designed to prevent a diver who has unwittingly knocked the bezel off its original position from overestimating his remaining air supply. Because the bezel moves in only one direction, the diver can err only on the side of safety when timing his dive. Many divers' watches are ratcheted, so that they lock into place for greater safety.

      water resistance: The ability to withstand splashes of water. Terms such as "water resistant to 50 meters" or "water resistant to 200 meters" indicate that the watch can be worn underwater to various depths.

      winding stem: The button on the right side of the watch case used to wind the mainspring. Also called a "crown."

      world time dial: A dial, usually on the outer edge of the watch face, that tells the time in up to 24 time zones around the world. The time zones are represented by the names of cities printed on the bezel or dial. The wearer reads the hour in a particular time zone by looking at the scale next to the city that the hour hand is pointing to. The minutes are read as normal. Watches with this feature are called "world timers." 


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